According to recent studies, it is forecast that in the near future as much as 40% of companies operating in the automotive industry plan to develop their activities, resulting in an increase in the number of employees sought. This means that in the coming years this market will become more and more open to employees from Ukraine and other countries of Central and Eastern Europe. In this sector, there is still a shortage of hands to work, and this means that the financial expectations of candidates for specific positions are also increasing. Importantly, this problem occurs not only in Poland, but also in other European countries (including Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Turkey and Romania).
Polish automotive companies are primarily looking for low-qualified manual workers. Bearing in mind still relatively high financial expectations of Ukrainians, they willingly reach for employees from this country. Behind their inclination to employ foreigners from this country are mainly simplified procedures for accepting them to work, a similar cultural mentality, and a similar language, thanks to which it is easy to eliminate any communication barriers. It turns out that in the first half of 2019, compared to the same period of the previous 12 months, the number of statements issued regarding the employment plans of Ukrainians in automotive companies increased significantly.
Polish employers admit that it is now more difficult to find employees from Ukraine than a year ago. This is due to the high demand for workforce from this country in other European economies, which are often cheap to offer Ukrainians much higher salaries than in Poland. A large proportion of these people work, among others in Germany, the Czech Republic, Portugal and Hungary.
Our country is not able to offer them such high salaries as in these countries, but properly conducted migration policy should finally help in retaining Ukrainian employees in Poland. In this aspect, great importance should be attached to the maximum simplification of the procedures for issuing work permits for foreigners in our country. Some Ukrainians choose Poland as their country of residence and work because of their geographical and cultural proximity. It is worth confirming them in this decision.
The problem of vacancies in the automotive industry should be solved by automotive profiles open in vocational schools. In addition, training and workshops for new and existing employees are also organized in companies on an ongoing basis.