Poland has been recording record low unemployment rates for several years. In September this year they amounted to only 5.1%. Employers mainly complain about the lack of hands to work. Unfortunately, economic forecasts in this respect are still not optimistic for them. Shortages of employees on the market are largely compensated by new arrivals from beyond the eastern border.
The number of issued work permits in Poland is systematically increasing. Efforts to obtain them are usually made by Ukrainians, but also by Belarusians, Nepalese, Indians and representatives of other nations. These people usually find employment in industries such as trade, transport, construction, gastronomy – that is, wherever there are significant deficits in the number of employees. Despite this, the problem of lack of hands for work still remains.
It is estimated that the level of actual unemployment is even lower than registered unemployment. In this way, a large proportion of people registering at the employment office want to obtain certain benefits (e.g. subsidies for opening their own business activity). Currently, therefore, the actual unemployment rate is around the level of natural unemployment associated with the change of employment. This means that finding good, responsible employees is in many cases very difficult and sometimes even impossible.